Responsible action


Support for sustainable development—from global leaders, scientists and everyday citizens—has seen a recent surge: The adoption of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in September 2015. The Paris Climate Agreement in December 2015. The publication of the updated planetary boundaries concept in January 2016. The Marrakech Climate Change Conference in November 2016. As a world community, we must now do all in our power to build on this momentum—for the sake of future generations.


The limits to growth

In 1972, the Club of Rome predicted that humanity  would exhaust nature’s finite resources within a few decades. This global think tank focused on identifying threats to humanity. It also served as a catalyst for policy solutions and drew considerable attention with the publication of its book, The Limits to Growth.1 The book’s authors based their future scenarios on the latest in computing power at the time.

It’s now “a few decades later” and we’re still here. For  one thing, it seems the models used by the authors were 
too crude and limited in scope to make accurate  Environment Economy Society projections. For another, as the great Austrian philosopher Karl Popper argued, to predict the future would require predicting technological innovations, which are inherently unpredictable.2

In the 1970s, sustainability was far from becoming a  buzzword. Yet at the time, we as a company had already made amino acids a part of our business. This focus on amino acids stemmed from a desire to reduce humanity’s dependency on finite resources through technological innovation to ensure healthy, abundant and safe food.

Responsibility_Sustainability
The three dimensions of sustainability

Three dimensions have emerged as the core of  mainstream thinking around sustainability: society, the economy and the environment. For a long time, this concept was illustrated through three overlapping ellipses. A paradigm shift has occurred in recent years, resulting in a new illustration. It implies that economies and societies are embedded parts of the biosphere rather than separate, albeit interrelated, sectors. The idea is that the economy serves society so it can evolve within the safe operating space of the planet. This model is a powerful tool for defining the overall sustainability issue.3

Responsible action: We are Animal Nutrition

A world in motion: towards more sustainable behavior

Today’s planetary threats loom large. As a company, we  work hard to help meet the challenges of sustainability 
in the area of animal nutrition. In recent years, awareness  has also grown exponentially in the international community 

regarding the absolute necessity of sustainable  action. Politicians, economic leaders and citizens around the world have adopted the cause of sustainable development as a top priority. Progress has become evident in various ways.

Governments across the globe have begun to take action  on a greater scale. At COP21, the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris in late 2015, an overwhelming number of nations agreed on binding goals for mitigating global warming. China and the US ratified the agreement in September 2016. The European Parliament approved the ratification by the European Union in October 2016. This results in an unprecedented level of accountability 
among nations.4

Sustainability has also become a strategic priority in  corporate boardrooms around the world. An increasing number of companies are seeking to align sustainability with their overall business goals, missions and values.5 No longer viewed as an impediment to smooth operations, reducing natural resource consumption and lowering emissions have instead become core to business growth.  This strategic approach to sustainability is also brought to bear in the concept of Creating Shared Value (CSV), which assumes that the competitiveness of a company and the health of the communities around it are mutually dependent.6

The shift towards sustainable behavior is increasingly  evident at the individual level, too, driving both career choices and consumer desires. In fact, “sustainability will continue to be a burgeoning industry with great career potential as resources and energy become more scarce and expensive.”7 According to a 2015 Nielsen survey, “consumers are trying to be responsible citizens of the world […]. So when it comes to purchasing, they are doing their homework.”8 This virtuous cycle is gaining momentum around the globe.

Setting our guardrails

This encouraging progress must serve as an incentive to  redouble our efforts—both as an international community and as a company. Yet we need clearly defined reference points if we are to stay on track.










Planetary boundaries

It’s an undeniable fact that our planet cannot indefinitely sustain economic growth by simply feeding off natural resources. This insight led a group of scientists from the Stockholm Resilience Centre and the Australian National University to propose the concept of planetary boundaries in 2009, and an updated version in 2015.9

Of the nine boundaries named above, we have identified five in which we are well-positioned to make a positive contribution by the nature of our animal nutrition business: biosphere integrity, land-system change, freshwater use, biogeochemical flows and climate change.

Biosphere integrity is crucial to maintaining the high agricultural productivity that is indispensable to human development. Yet since 1970, wildlife populations have decreased by nearly 50 percent and current rates of animal extinction and ecosystem damage are excessively high. A concerted effort must be made to protect biosphere integrity, enhance natural habitats and improve connectivity between ecosystems.

 

Forest-to-cropland conversion and exponentially growing cities aren’t just destroying natural habitats. Deforestation and urbanization are also dramatically increasing greenhouse gas emissions, which in turn are accelerating global warming. The industrial sector must step up its support for sustainable land-management practices and policies by reducing the land resources demanded by industry’s process chains.

 

Less than one percent of all freshwater resources are usable for ecosystems  and humans. By 2025, 800 million people will be living in countries or regions with absolute water scarcity.14 Excessive water use can dry up rivers 
and aquifers, harming the environment and altering the hydrological cycle  and climate in the process. Every effort must be made to minimize water waste and reduce the release of pollutants into the environment.

 

While nitrogen and phosphorus are essential nutrients for all life, the Earth is  unable to cope with excessive amounts of these chemical elements. Human activities are emitting nitrogen and phosphorus at an overwhelming rate—acidifying our waterways, polluting the air we breathe and damaging our climate in the process. If we are to save the Earth’s air and water, change must come to this area.

 

Rising global temperatures can in large part be linked to CO2 emissions from  the burning of fossil fuels. The consequences of an atmosphere warming too fast, too soon can already be seen—weather extremes, rising sea levels, ocean acidification and ruined crops. Due to the inextricably intertwined nature of climate change, energy security and economic stability, the curbing of carbon emissions must be made an urgent priority.

 
ReferenceS

1 Meadows, D. H. et. al. (1972). The Limits to Growth; a report for the Club of Rome’s project on the predicament of mankind. New York: Universe Books.

2Popper, K. R. (1944). The poverty of historicism. London: London School of Economics and Political Science.

3Adams, W. M. (2006). The Future of Sustainability: Re-thinking Environment and Development in the
Twenty-first Century. Report of the IUCN Renowned Thinkers Meeting, January 29–31, 2006.

4 Paris Agreement. (n.d.). Retrieved August 9, 2016, from http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/international/negotiations/paris/ index_en.htm

5 Sustainability’s strategic worth: McKinsey Global Survey results. (n.d.). Retrieved August 09, 2016,  from http://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/sustainability-and-resource-productivity/our-insights/sustainabilitys-strategic-worth-mckinsey-global-survey-results

6 Porter, M. E., Kramer, M. R. (2011). Creating Shared Value: How to reinvent capitalism—and unleash a wave of innovation and  growth. Harvard Business Review, 89(1/2), 62–77.

7 Environmental Jobs: Green Jobs in Sustainable Development. (n.d.). Retrieved July 28, 2016,  from https://www.petersons.com/graduate-schools/green-jobs-sustainable-development.aspx

8 Insights. The Sustainability Imperative. (n.d.). Retrieved July 28, 2016, from http://www.nielsen.com/ca/en/insights/reports/2015/the-sustainability-imperative.html

9The nine planetary boundaries. (n.d.). Retrieved July 28, 2016, from http://www.stockholmresilience.org/research/planetaryboundaries/planetary-boundaries/about-the-research/the-nine-planetary-boundaries.html

10 Crutzen, P. J., Schwägerl, C. (2011). Living in the Anthropocene: Toward a New Global Ethos. Retrieved September 06, 2016, from http://e360.yale.edu/feature/living_in_the_anthropocene_toward_a_new_global_ethos/2363/ and Crutzen, P., Stoermer, E. (2000). The “Anthropocene”. Global Change Newsletter, 41, 17–18.

11 Carrington, D. (2016). The Anthropocene epoch: Scientists declare dawn of human-influenced age. 
Retrieved September 06, 2016, from https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/aug/29/ declare-anthropocene-epoch-experts-urge-geological-congress-human-impact-earth

12 United Nations. (2012). Resilient people, resilient planet: A future worth choosing. New York: United Nations, 24.

13 United Nations General Assembly. (2010). Implementation of Agenda 21, the Programme for the Further
Implementation of Agenda 21 and the outcomes of the World Summit on Sustainable Development. Report of the Secretary-General  to the General Assembly of the United Nations, August 16, 2010; and European Commission Standing Committee on Agriculture Research (2011), Transition towards sustainable food consumption and production in a resource constrained world [“The Budapest Declaration”], Conference May 4–5, 2011 Budapest, Hungary. 

14 UN Water—United Nations. (n.d.). Retrieved July 28, 2016, from http://www.unwater.org/

15 Transforming our world: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform. (n.d.).  Retrieved July 28, 2016, from https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/transformingourworld

16 SDGs: Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform. (n.d.). Retrieved July 28, 2016, from https://sustainabledevelopment.  un.org/sdgs

17 How food connects all the SDGs. (n.d.). Retrieved August 10, 2016, from http://www.stockholmresilience.org/research/ research-news/2016-06-14-how-food-connects-all-the-sdgs.html

18 Ehrlich, P. R., Holdren, J. P. (1971). Impact of Population Growth. Science, 171(3977), 1212–1217.